A Look Back at 2018: The One Book You Need to Learn Wireless Networks

| December 27, 2018

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If you want to know everything about wireless networks, you’ve got to be interested in a lot of topics. You’ll need to know about setting up cell sites, as they’re the basis of cellular networks. You’ll want to learn about the base station antennas that ‘talk’ to your phones. You’ll need to read about the backbone of the network.

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Network & Security Technologies

Network & Security Technologies (N&ST) is a nationwide leader in cyber security for electric utilities. The team of consultants from N&ST has worked on the hardest cyber security problems at the largest electric utilities in North America. N&ST specifically specializes in helping companies achieve compliance with the eight NERC cyber security standards, NERC CIP-002 through NERC CIP-009. As a vendor-neutral consulting company, N&ST helps companies achieve sustainable compliance by developing the processes, documentation and records needed for compliance - not just by throwing technology at the problem.

OTHER ARTICLES

5G judged safe by scientists but faces tougher radiation rules

Article | March 11, 2020

But the standards body behind the new rules says there is no evidence that mobile networks cause cancer or other illnesses. It has spent several years reviewing scientific literature on the effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields. It says the new guidelines will provide improved protection for forthcoming 5G technologies that use high frequencies. It is the first time since 1998 that the guidelines on protecting humans from radiation from phone networks, wi-fi and Bluetooth have been updated.

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Ericsson USA 5G Smart Factory produces its first base stations

Article | March 5, 2020

Ericsson's (NASDAQ: ERIC) smart factory in Lewisville, Texas, has produced its first 5G base station. Announced last year, the factory will be one of the most advanced manufacturing facilities in the industry when it is fully operational later this year. The first product manufactured at the factory is the millimeter-wave Street Macro solution, which is key to Ericsson’s 5G portfolio for its North American customers. All radio access components are housed in one lightweight enclosure, allowing service providers to rapidly grow 5G coverage in complex city environments.

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A SMART FUTURE: HOW 5G AND SMART DEVICES WILL CHANGE THE WORLD

Article | March 2, 2020

When one thinks of 5G, they think of cellphones and how communication will improve with faster internet. It will do so for sure, but that’s a very limited way of thinking about this great technological feat. What 5G will inexplicably revolutionize is the way we interact with machines and how integrated they become with our lives. Combined with AI, and smart devices we’re looking at a whole new way of life. So, let us look at what it all means for the future. Before we move further, we must look at what 5G is and how it is different from 4G. First off, this new technology comes with OFDM encoding which is part of an air interface design especially modeled to be flexible such that it meets the needs of other tech pieces with different bandwidths as well as scale for future applications. Compared to 4G, it will be able to operate on larger channels and that too, with lower latency. This means more people can work online at the same time easily with low lag times.

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Verizon and Unity Collaborate to Integrate 5G and MEC in Gaming

Article | February 2, 2021

Telecommunications conglomerate Verizon has partnered with 3D development platform Unity to create entertainment applications and enterprise toolkits that can render 3D environments almost instantaneously, without the need for expensive hardware. In a press release, Verizon said products from this collaboration will address the demand for instantaneous content in industries such as gaming, retail, and sports, where emphasis is placed on real-time digital immersion. “We are entering an era of technology-led disruption where 5G and MEC will not only transform the full enterprise lifecycle, it will change the way consumers experience gaming and entertainment,” said Verizon Chief Executive Officer Tami Erwin. These products will utilise 5G and Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) technology, taking the best of both worlds to enhance the digital experience for consumers. The concept of edge computing has actually been around for roughly three decades, but it wasn't until recently that we've been able to apply it to Internet of Things (IoT) devices. Edge architecture reduces latency by moving computer services closer to the source — the "edges" — of the data. This not only decongests the centralised cloud of information, but also decreases the distance the data needs to cover to reach user terminals. Meanwhile, 5G is the highly anticipated next generation broadband network that promises to deliver high speeds with just millisecond latencies. Despite the pandemic, its rollout hasn’t slowed down at all, with countries like China, South Korea, and the US getting a first taste of the technology. The promise of lightning-fast connections, however, comes at a steep cost: 5G stations consume plenty of energy to work. Though much of 5G's advantages come from its streamlined digital routing capabilities, it's also underpinned by a powerful network of hardware components — more precisely, printed circuit boards (PCBs). To answer the demand for more energy, engineers use ties to meet PCB requirements for solving the challenges that come with powering a standard board. These include considerations like signal paths and planar delays, among others. Placing the net ties at the right junctions distributes energy more evenly, thus providing efficient power delivery to 5G networks. Despite all the touted capabilities of 5G, experts have flagged cybersecurity as one major concern. As a new innovation, 5G is still fairly unregulated, leaving loopholes and security gaps that cyber criminals can exploit. For instance, the expansion of bandwidth coverage actually opens up vulnerabilities and additional avenues for cyber attacks. Furthermore, the hyper connected nature of IoT devices makes it easier for hackers to gain access to different networks, both private and public; and unwitting users can potentially expose their contacts to virtual attackers. Because of these threats, experts urge telecom companies to lay down a solid bedrock for 5G security before finalising the pivot towards it. For now, it remains to be seen how legislators and regulators will implement standards to guide the public in its use of 5G. Amid this concern, Verizon and Unity are hopeful that their collaboration — and the marriage of 5G and MEC technology — will be a game changer in the gaming, retail, and entertainment industries. “We know the world is demanding high-speed, AAA content, whether it’s an educational augmented reality application or a robot running a simulation of a digital twin,” Unity Vice President for Solutions Ryan Peterson said. “5G is the key piece for us to facilitate these real-time 3D experiences broadly and to better meet the demands of the real-time economy.”

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Spotlight

Network & Security Technologies

Network & Security Technologies (N&ST) is a nationwide leader in cyber security for electric utilities. The team of consultants from N&ST has worked on the hardest cyber security problems at the largest electric utilities in North America. N&ST specifically specializes in helping companies achieve compliance with the eight NERC cyber security standards, NERC CIP-002 through NERC CIP-009. As a vendor-neutral consulting company, N&ST helps companies achieve sustainable compliance by developing the processes, documentation and records needed for compliance - not just by throwing technology at the problem.

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